Research
Selected Publications (*student co-author)

We have studied how age-related decline in working memory is associated with older adults’ ability to understand and process written and illustrated health information, how exercise (resistance exercise, functional exercise, task-oriented exercise) may help older adults maintain their physical function and prevent late-life disability, hand function and aging, and the effects of occupational therapy on the activities of daily living in older adults.

Cognitive aging and health literacy

Liu, C.-J., & William, A. (2014). What factors are related to understanding a stereoscopic 3D diabetes educational video in seniors? Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine, 37, 65-73. doi:10.3109/17453054.2014.981799

Liu, C.-J., Rawl, S. M., & *Yates, K. E. (2013). Readability and text cohesion of online colorectal cancer and screening information. American Medical Writers Association Journal, 28, 146-151.

Liu, C.-J., & Rawl, S. (2012). Effects of text cohesion on comprehension and retention of colorectal cancer screening information: A preliminary study. Journal of Health Communication, 17, 222-240. doi:10.1080/10810730.2012.712614

Liu, C.-J., Kemper, S., & McDowd, J. (2009). The use of illustration to improve older adults’ comprehension of health-related information: Is it helpful? Patient Education and Counseling, 76, 283-288. doi:10.1016/j.pec.2009.01.013

Liu, C.-J., Kemper, S., & Bovaird, J. (2009). Comprehension of health-related written materials by older adults. Educational Gerontology, 35, 653-668. doi:10.1080/03601270902885504

Kemper, S., Herman, R., & Liu, C.-J. (2004). Sentence production by young and older adults in controlled contexts. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 59, 220-224. doi:10.1093/geronb/59.5.P220

Liu, C.-J., McDowd, J., & Lin, K.-C. (2004). Visuospatial inattention and daily life performance in people with Alzheimer’s disease. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 58, 202-210. doi:10.5014/ajot.58.2.202

Kemper, S., & Liu, C.-J. (2007). Eye movements of young and older adults during reading. Psychology and Aging, 22, 84-93. doi:10.1037/0882-7974.22.1.84

Kemper, S., McDowd, J., Metcalf, K., & Liu C.-J. (2008). Young and older Adults’ reading of distracters. Educational Gerontology, 34, 489-502. doi:10.1080/03601270701835858

Liu, C.-J. (2010). Comprehension of a colon cancer pamphlet among American adults at least 50 years of age. Health Education Journal, 69,107-115. doi:10.1016/j.apmr.2010.06.001

Liu, C.-J., *Fleck, T., *Goldfarb, J., *Green, C., & *Porter, E. (2011). Attitudes to colorectal cancer screening after reading the prevention information. Journal of Cancer Education, 26, 701-707. doi:10.1007/s13187-011-0210-6

Clark, D. O., Kathleen A. Lane, K. A., Ambuehl, R., Tu, W., Liu, C.-J., & Callahan, C. M. (2016). Age differences in the association between body-mass index class and annualized Medicare expenditures. Journal of Aging and Health, 28, 165-179. doi:10.1177/0898264315589574

Thiyagarajan, J. A., de Carvalho, I. A.,…Liu, C.-J…& Beard, J. (2019). Redesigning care for older people to preserve physical and mental capacity: WHO guidelines on community-level interventions in integrated care. PLOS Medicine, 16, e1002948. doi: 1371/journal.pmed.1002948

Wang, H-L., Liu, C-J., Kilpatrick, M., Jim, H., McMillan, S., Courneya, K., et al. (2017). Exergame grading scheme: Concept development and preliminary psychometric evaluations in cancer survivors. Rehabilitation Research and Practice, 2017, 10. doi:10.1155/2017/6843016

Liu, C-J., Change, P-S., Griffith, C.F., *Hanley, S.I., & Lu, Y. (2021). The nexus of sensory loss, cognitive impairment, and functional decline in older adults: A scoping review. Gerontologist, gnab082. https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gnab082.

3-Step Workout for Life logoPhysical exercise and functional outcome

Latham, N., & Liu, C.-J. (2010). Strength training in older adults: The benefits for osteoarthritis. Clinics in Geriatric Medicine, 26, 445-459. doi:10.1016/j.cger.2010.03.006

Liu, C-J., Donovan, J., & *Wolford, C.L. (In Press). Feasibility of staff-led 3-Step Workout for Life to reduce late-life ADL disability: A community-based translational study. International Journal of Rehabilitation Research.

Liu, C-J., Xu, H., Keith, N. R. Clark, D. O. (2017). Promoting ADL independence in vulnerable, community-dwelling older adults: A pilot RCT comparing 3-Step Workout for Life vs. resistance exercise. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 12, 1141-1149. doi:10.2147/CIA.S136678

Liu, CJ., Chang, WP., Araujo de Carvalho, I., *Savage, K., *Radford, L., & Jotheeswaran, A. T. (2017). Effects of physical exercise in older adults with reduced physical capacity: Meta-analysis of resistance exercise and multimodal exercise. International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, 40, 303-314. doi:10.1097/MRR.0000000000000249

Liu, C-J., *Jones, Y. L., *Formyduval, R. M. A., & Clark, O. D. (2016). Task-oriented exercise to reduce ADL disability in vulnerable elderly: A feasibility study of 3-Step Workout for Life. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 24, 384-392. doi:10.1123/japa.2015-0070

Liu, C.-J. & *Shiroy, D. M., *Jones, L. Y., & Clark, D. O. (2014). Systematic review of functional training on muscle strength, physical functioning, and activities of daily living in older adults. European Review of Aging and Physical Activity, 11, 95-106. doi:10.1007/s11556-014-0144-1

Liu, C.-J., *Becker, J., *Ford, S., *Heine, K., *Scheidt, E., & *Wilson, A. (2011). Effects of upper-extremity progressive resistance strength training in older adults: The missing picture. Physical and Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics, 29, 255-269. doi:10.3109/02703181.2011.609644

Liu, C.-J., & Latham, N. (2009). Progressive resistance strength training to improve physical function in older adults. Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Issue 3. Art. No.: CD002759. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD002759.pub2.

Liu, C.-J., & Latham, N. (2010). Adverse events reported in progressive resistance strength training trials in older adults. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 91, 1471-1473. doi:10.1016/j.apmr.2010.06.001

Liu, C.-J., LaValley, M., & Latham, N. (2011). Do unblinded assessors bias muscle strength outcomes in randomized controlled trials of progressive resistance strength training in older adults? American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 90, 190-196. doi:10.1097/PHM.0b013e31820174b3

Liu, C.-J., & Latham, N. (2011). Can progressive resistance strength training reduce physical disability in older adults? A meta-analysis study. Disability and Rehabilitation, 33, 87-97. doi:10.3109/09638288.2010.487145

Hand function and aging

Wang, Y.C., Kapellusch, J., Rahman, M.H., Lehman, L., Liu, C-J., & Chang, P.-F. (In Press). Psychometric evaluation of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) in patients with orthopedic shoulder impairments seeking outpatient. Journal of Hand Therapy.

Liu, C-J., *Marie, D., *Fredrick, A., *Bertram, J., *Utley, K., & Fess, E. E. (2017). Predicting hand function in older adults: Evaluations of grip strength, arm curl strength, and manual dexterity. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, 29, 753-760. doi:10.1007/s40520-016-0628-0

Wang, I., Bohannon, R.W., Kapellusch, J., Rahman, M.H., Liu, C-J, & Chang, P.F. (2020 epub). Predicting the handgrip strength across the age span: Validating reference equations from the 2011 NIH Toolbox norming study. Journal of Hand Therapy. DOI: 10.1016/j.jht.2020.11.005

Occupational therapy and older adults

Liu, C-J., & Chang, M.C. (2020). Effects of interventions within the scope of occupational therapy on the performance of ADLs and IADLs for older adults with low vision: A systematic review. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 74, 1–18. doi:10.5014/ajot.2020.038372

Liu, C-J. (2018). Guest editorial-Functional ability in the changing demographic landscape: Evidence and opportunities for occupational therapy. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 72, 7204170010p1-7204170010p5. doi:10.5014/ajot.2018.724002.

Liu, C-J., Chang, W.P., & Chang, M.C. (2018). Occupational therapy interventions to improve activities of daily living for community-dwelling older adults: A systematic review. American Journal of Occupational Therapy,72, 7204190060p1-7204190060p11. doi:10.5014/ajot.2018.031252

Liu, C.-J., Stump, T. E., Ambuehl, R., & Clark, D. O. (2014). Utilization of occupational and physical therapy services in postacute care: Findings from the 2006 Health and Retirement Study and linked Medicare claims data. Physical and Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics, 32, 85-96. doi:10.3109/02703181.2014.883044

Liu, C.-J., *Brost, M. A., *Horton, V. E., *Kenyon, S. B., & *Mears, K. E. (2013). Occupational therapy interventions to improve performance of daily activities at home for older adults with low vision: A systematic review. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 67, 279-287. doi:10.5014/ajot.2013.005512

Liu, C.-J., Pape, S., *Ferrell, J., *Turner, E., & *Johanningsmeier, K. (2013). Gerontic occupational therapy and patient education: Perceptions, barriers, and needs. Physical and Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics, 31, 140-147. doi:10.3109/02703181.2013.782383