Research
Selected Publications (*student co-author)

We have studied how age-related decline in working memory is associated with older adults’ ability to understand and process written and illustrated health information, how exercise (resistance exercise, functional exercise, task-oriented exercise) may help older adults maintain their physical function and prevent late-life disability, activities of daily living, hand function and aging, and the effects of occupational therapy on the activities of daily living in older adults. 

Cognitive aging and health literacy

Liu, C.-J., & William, A. (2014). What factors are related to understanding a stereoscopic 3D diabetes educational video in seniors? Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine, 37, 65-73. doi:10.3109/17453054.2014.981799

Liu, C.-J., Rawl, S. M., & *Yates, K. E. (2013). Readability and text cohesion of online colorectal cancer and screening information. American Medical Writers Association Journal, 28, 146-151.

Liu, C.-J., & Rawl, S. (2012). Effects of text cohesion on comprehension and retention of colorectal cancer screening information: A preliminary study. Journal of Health Communication, 17, 222-240. doi:10.1080/10810730.2012.712614

Liu, C.-J., Kemper, S., & McDowd, J. (2009). The use of illustration to improve older adults’ comprehension of health-related information: Is it helpful? Patient Education and Counseling, 76, 283-288. doi:10.1016/j.pec.2009.01.013

Liu, C.-J., Kemper, S., & Bovaird, J. (2009). Comprehension of health-related written materials by older adults. Educational Gerontology, 35, 653-668. doi:10.1080/03601270902885504

3-Step Workout for Life logoPhysical exercise and functional outcome

Liu, C-J., Donovan, J., & *Wolford, C.L. (2020). Feasibility of staff-led 3-Step Workout for Life to reduce late-life ADL disability: A community-based translational study. International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, 43, 141-147. doi: 10.1097/MRR.0000000000000396

Liu, C-J., Xu, H., Keith, N. R. Clark, D. O. (2017). Promoting ADL independence in vulnerable, community-dwelling older adults: A pilot RCT comparing 3-Step Workout for Life vs. resistance exercise. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 12, 1141-1149. doi:10.2147/CIA.S136678

Liu, CJ., Chang, WP., Araujo de Carvalho, I., *Savage, K., *Radford, L., & Jotheeswaran, A. T. (2017). Effects of physical exercise in older adults with reduced physical capacity: Meta-analysis of resistance exercise and multimodal exercise. International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, 40, 303-314. doi:10.1097/MRR.0000000000000249

Liu, C-J., *Jones, Y. L., *Formyduval, R. M. A., & Clark, O. D. (2016). Task-oriented exercise to reduce ADL disability in vulnerable elderly: A feasibility study of 3-Step Workout for Life. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 24, 384-392. doi:10.1123/japa.2015-0070

Liu, C.-J. & *Shiroy, D. M., *Jones, L. Y., & Clark, D. O. (2014). Systematic review of functional training on muscle strength, physical functioning, and activities of daily living in older adults. European Review of Aging and Physical Activity, 11, 95-106. doi:10.1007/s11556-014-0144-1

Liu, C.-J., *Becker, J., *Ford, S., *Heine, K., *Scheidt, E., & *Wilson, A. (2011). Effects of upper-extremity progressive resistance strength training in older adults: The missing picture. Physical and Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics, 29, 255-269. doi:10.3109/02703181.2011.609644

Hand function and aging

Wang, Y.C., Kapellusch, J., Rahman, M.H., Lehman, L., Liu, C-J., & Chang, P.-F. (2021). Psychometric evaluation of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) in patients with orthopedic shoulder impairments seeking outpatient. Journal of Hand Therapy, 34, 404-414. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jht.2020.01.002

Wang, I., Bohannon, R.W., Kapellusch, J., Rahman, M.H., Liu, C-J, & Chang, P.F. (2020 epub). Predicting the handgrip strength across the age span: Validating reference equations from the 2011 NIH Toolbox norming study. Journal of Hand Therapy. DOI: 10.1016/j.jht.2020.11.005

Liu, C-J., *Marie, D., *Fredrick, A., *Bertram, J., *Utley, K., & Fess, E. E. (2017). Predicting hand function in older adults: Evaluations of grip strength, arm curl strength, and manual dexterity. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, 29, 753-760. doi:10.1007/s40520-016-0628-0

Activities of daily living and aging

Liu, C-J., Change, P-S., Griffith, C.F., *Hanley, S.I., & Lu, Y. (2021). The nexus of sensory loss, cognitive impairment, and functional decline in older adults: A scoping review. Gerontologist, gnab082. https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gnab082.

*Garabrant, A., & Liu, C-J. (2021). Loneliness and activity engagement among rural homebound older adults with and without self-reported depression. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 75, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2021.043828   

Thiyagarajan, J. A., de Carvalho, I. A.,…Liu, C.-J…& Beard, J. (2019). Redesigning care for older people to preserve physical and mental capacity: WHO guidelines on community-level interventions in integrated care. PLOS Medicine, 16, e1002948. doi: 1371/journal.pmed.1002948

Occupational therapy and older adults

Liu, C-J., & Chang, M.C. (2020). Interventions within the scope of occupational therapy on the performance of ADLs and IADLs for older adults with low vision: A systematic review. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 74, 1–18. doi:10.5014/ajot.2020.038372

Liu, C-J. (2018). Guest editorial-Functional ability in the changing demographic landscape: Evidence and opportunities for occupational therapy. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 72, 7204170010p1-7204170010p5. doi:10.5014/ajot.2018.724002.

Liu, C-J., Chang, W.P., & Chang, M.C. (2018). Occupational therapy interventions to improve activities of daily living for community-dwelling older adults: A systematic review. American Journal of Occupational Therapy,72, 7204190060p1-7204190060p11. doi:10.5014/ajot.2018.031252

Liu, C.-J., Stump, T. E., Ambuehl, R., & Clark, D. O. (2014). Utilization of occupational and physical therapy services in postacute care: Findings from the 2006 Health and Retirement Study and linked Medicare claims data. Physical and Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics, 32, 85-96. doi:10.3109/02703181.2014.883044

Liu, C.-J., *Brost, M. A., *Horton, V. E., *Kenyon, S. B., & *Mears, K. E. (2013). Occupational therapy interventions to improve performance of daily activities at home for older adults with low vision: A systematic review. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 67, 279-287. doi:10.5014/ajot.2013.005512

Liu, C.-J., Pape, S., *Ferrell, J., *Turner, E., & *Johanningsmeier, K. (2013). Gerontic occupational therapy and patient education: Perceptions, barriers, and needs. Physical and Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics, 31, 140-147. doi:10.3109/02703181.2013.782383